Thursday, May 21, 2020

Radical Criminology Essay - 2456 Words

Criminal law involves prosecution by the state of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime (Criminal law, 2010). But who gets to decide what acts are criminal? It should be no surprise that the individuals with the most power do. For radical criminologists, the problem arises in capitalist societies because it is in these societies where the means of production are owned privately by a small number of people. Based on the writings of Karl Marx, radical criminologists argue that the state works to serve the interests of the capitalist ruling class and that criminal law is merely an instrument of that class to keep all other classes in a disadvantage position (Young et al.,1973; Quinney, 1980). Named the elites, bourgeois, or†¦show more content†¦But how accurate is that statement? Street crime is without a doubt a true threat to our well being and should not be taken lightly. Robbers, murders, and rapists should be accountable to the law swiftly and forcefully, yet at the same time those who violate civil liberties, health and safety standards, pollute the air we breathe, and create conditions of poverty are also culprits of crime and should be held to the same standard (Quinney, 1980; Pearce, 1998). Edwin Sutherland (1940) defined white collar crime as one â€Å"committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation.† He went on to also include crimes committed by corporations and other legal entities to fit into his definition. It is crimes committed by these people that pose the greatest danger to society, yet they are not labeled as crime because it would threaten the status quo. Jeffrey Reiman (1996) in The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison illustrates the disparities in the number of deaths between street crime (murder) and white collar crime. He notes that white-collar crimes kills and injure far more people than street crimes. Updated 2009 statistics confirm his findings. The Federal Bureau of Investigation revealed that 15,241 individuals were murdered nationwide last year, while the Centers for Disease Control estimated that approximately 20,000 cancer deaths and 40,000 new cases of cancerShow MoreRelatedSocial Reaction Theory And Feminist Theory Of Crimes1476 Words   |  6 Pagesoffending as a function of gender role socialization as they had fewer opportunities to even engage in deviance. Another major feminist viewpoint is radical feminism which accentuates that many societies are male dominated and it is the root cause of women s oppression. Radical feminists focus on demonstrating patriarchy in crimes against women. Similar to radical femin ism, there is Marxist feminism which theorizes that women s subordinate class status may compel them to commit crime as a means of supportingRead MoreFeminism : A Feminist Perspective2541 Words   |  11 PagesSpecifically, women fight to be treated with respect and equality in criminal justice and law enforcement careers. Criminology in particular is one of the most male centered fields of study in social sciences. As a female who plans to one day hold a career in this field, this issue is very personal to me. In 1960, Canada and Britain began interest in the argument that women are ignored in criminology. After this, the second wave of feminism interest came mid-twentieth century. This wave led to renewed interestRead MoreCriminology1427 Words   |  6 Pages2005) Criminology 211 Essay This essay topic consists of two main components. The first requires you to demonstrate your knowledge of and a familiarity with the theory/perspective and the second requires you to demonstrate an understanding of its application (in either policy or practice) and the impact of its application. i)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Briefly identify the main features and concepts of radical criminology. ii)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Critically discuss the ways in which the various radical perspectivesRead MoreFeminism : A Feminist Perspective1168 Words   |  5 Pagesabout feminist theory throughout my undergraduate and Master’s degree. I have been taught that there are six main frameworks that emerge from feminist theory including: (1) postmodern feminism; (2) liberal feminism; (3) critical race feminism; (4) radical feminism; (5) traditional Marxist feminism; (6) and socialist feminism. Each standpoint of feminism provides a unique way of including the experiences of women in society (oppression, discrimination, inequality). While there are distinct branchesRead MoreDescribe the Basis of Feminist Criminology1013 Words   |  5 PagesThe Basis Of Feminist Criminology Feminist criminology was created out of the realization that criminology from its beginnings focused on the male criminal and the unlawful acts they committed. When in the fact it could be argued female crime was studied as far back as 1800s, female criminal activity, its causes and the effects in which it placed on public opinion were often disregarded. Over the past 20 years, there has been a significantly different approach in how females are being dealt withRead More3 Key Differences between Orthodox and Critical Criminologies762 Words   |  3 PagesChapter 1: What are 3 key differences between orthodox and critical criminologies? Use examples of readings that reflect both criminologies to illustrate your response. Orthodox criminology refers to the how criminologists accept the states ideas of crime without thinking of power relations. This thinking is shared by everyone and becomes a universal idea and these ideas are in the interests of everyone. However, certain groups of individuals are targeted and blamed for crimes based on their classRead MoreDiscuss the Nature, Scope and Objectives of the Study of Criminology.1359 Words   |  6 PagesDiscuss the nature, scope and objectives of the study of Criminology. Crime has always accompanied mankind. The oldest order available to us today, like provided in the cave paintings in France and the old books as the Bible show that this was not a stranger to us hundreds or even thousands of years ago. We can even with these materials to draw a conclusion that the development of civilization has contributed to its creation. The formation of increasingly larger clusters of human foster the developmentRead MoreComparing Positivist And Radical Victimology Perspective1236 Words   |  5 Pages Compare the positivist victimology perspective with either the radical or critical victimology perspective. Illustrate your answer with reference to at least one of following: age, class, gender, race and sexuality. Introduction The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the different perspectives within victimology, specifically focusing on positivist and radical victimology perspectives. In arguing these similar but contrasting perspectives this essay will also signpost the relationship of theRead MoreTheory Of Peacemaking Criminology1732 Words   |  7 Pageswithin the criminology discipline in the late 20th century. As this segment progress, the readers will become acquainted with the historical background of peacemaking, proponents of the theory, and explanations as to what is peacemaking, expanding on restorative justice, a form of peacemaking criminology and finally conclude this section with critiques and discussion on peacemaking criminology as discussed during the class presentation. Peacemaking criminology grew out of the conflict and radical theoriesRead More The Consensus Perspective1054 Words   |  5 Pagessignificantly different view of society as relative to the law. However, while they a ll aim to the same exact purpose which is to help us understand crimes from a social viewpoint, the consensus perspective is more effective as it presents a more radical and logical view of how society interacts with the law. For instance, the consensus view focuses more on norms, unification, and equality. At the same time, it questions individuals ‘self-control as causes of crime. As Michalowski described it, most

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Alternate Energy Alexander Gibbs - 806 Words

Alternate Energy Alexander Gibbs In today’s world, the topic of energy is dominated by one thing: ancient organic matter. Carbon and oxygen that once existed in this matter is still present and is released in the form of carbon dioxide when the coal and oil it was compressed into is burned. The problem is that the carbon that was buried over millions of years was never going to be released back into the atmosphere it once existed in at such an alarming rate. The amount of carbon dioxide flooding into our atmosphere needs to be limited or there will be severe consequences in our future. Carbon emissions are changing the planet for the worse. Energy production (mostly coal) is producing a one third of the US s global warming emissions. Renewable sources produce little to zero percent. The balance of coal and renewable energy in the U.S. needs to be evened out with renewable techniques. Statistics from the Union of Concerned Scientist’s â€Å"Benefits of Renewable Energy Use† show t hat wind emits .02 to .04 lbs. CO2E/kWh (carbon dioxide per kilowatt-hour), solar emits .07 to .2 lbs. CO2E/kWh, geothermal emits .1 to .2 lbs. CO2E/kWh, hydroelectric emits .1 to .5 lbs. CO2E/kWh and biomass emissions depend on how it s sourced. These all have significantly less of a carbon footprint than coal, which emits 1.4 to 3.6 lbs. CO2E/kWh or natural gas which emits .6 to 2 lbs. CO2E/kWh. This impressive difference of carbon emissions between renewable and fossil fuel is theShow MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagescompleted the survey, the scoring key at the end of the chapter will help you generate an overall profile of your management skill strengths and weaknesses. Step 2: Get copies of the Associates’ version of this instrument from your instructor. An alternate version has been provided in the Instructor’s Manual that uses â€Å"he† or â€Å"she† instead of â€Å"I† in the questions. Give copies to at least three other people who know you well or who have observed you in a situation in which you have had to lead or manageRead MoreDescribe How to Establish Respectful Professional Relationships with Adults52870 Words   |  212 Pageswork are the principal concerns of this Review. But there is a significant role for clients in promoting good design. It does not necessarily involve high cost. Good design will provide value for money in terms of both total cost and cost-in-use. The energy and maintenance equations should be upper-most in the minds of the client and the designer, as well as the appearance of the facade and the effective use of space. 1.19 Government has an important role to play in this regard4. The Millennium FundRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesand providing work–life benefits for dual-career couples. Source: Robert Willett / Raleigh News Observer/Newscom Progress Energy reflects the demographic characteristics of the U.S. workforce today. It is gender balanced, multiethnic, and engaged in learning about diversity issues and putting them into practice. Progress, which recently merged with Duke Energy, encourages employees to participate in various network groups, diversity councils, and training workshops, such as the one shown

Personal Soundtrack Essay Free Essays

You’re goanna miss this Word of God Speak Cartoon Song Friends Good Morning He Said Where were you when the world stopped turning Outline She’s got it all My Life: In a Nutshell exactly we want to be in 5, 10, or even 20 years. However, most of the time, those 5,10, and 20 year plans do not work out as we expected. We go through triumphs and tragedies; we grow and learn; and we eventually realize that what we have planned s probably going to change because we have changed. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Soundtrack Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Over the course of my life, I have changed in a variety of ways and have overcame a number of challenges. Vive made plans for my life and most of them did not work out, but looking back, I wouldn’t change a thing. As a young child going through elementary school, I had a similar life to most of my friends. I spent most of my time at daycare, church, or with my family. I loved playing sports, watching TV and movies, and going to school. I remember going to church twice a week, for Sunday services and Wednesday night programs. I loved the music at church, whether it was in Sunday school, holiday programs or Just regular church worship. Some of my favorite songs growing up were Veggie Tales’ Hairbrush Song (94-95), and Away in the Manger (96-97). I’d sing these songs with my family, my friends, or even by myself because I loved to sing. At school, I didn’t always fit in. I didn’t wear name brand clothes or pretty dresses, ND I didn’t have the popular school supplies or toys. However, like most kids, I always wanted to fit in. I was good at sports, so I was often one of the first picked at recess for kickball. I also did what I could to learn who the popular music artists were and what songs they sang. One of the songs I learned to help fit it was Bye, Bye, Bye by NCSC (98-99). My parents didn’t like us listening to pop music, but learning this song helped me feel like I somewhat fit in at school. How to cite Personal Soundtrack Essay, Essays